Paradigms in Action

Paulo Pirozelli

Resumo


The concept of “paradigm” became widely known with Thomas Kuhn’s book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. From there on, paradigms started being employed in the most diverse fields and situations. Curiously, though, the popularity of the term went hand in hand with an enormous vagueness in its application: numerous meanings were attributed to this concept and different things were claimed to be paradigms. The main reason for the lack of agreement regarding the notion and the use of paradigm was the absence of a detailed description and analysis of a concrete paradigm in Kuhn’s book—especially, one coupled with a discussion that could contrast paradigms to other epistemic objects, such as “theories.” The aim of this article is to fill this gap. First, I briefly examine the notion of paradigm, stressing its core meaning as that of “exemplar.” Next, I analyze a specific case in economics, indicating the features that make it a paradigm: (i) the fact that it is an example not reducible to an axiomatizable theory, and (ii) that this example is constitutive of normal science.


Palavras-chave


Thomas Kuhn; Paradigm; History of Economic Thought

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ABBOT, A. Structure as cited, structure as read. In: R. J. RICHARDS; L. DASTON. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic. Chicago: Chicago University Press, p. 167-81, 2016.

ARGYROUS, G. Kuhn’s paradigms and neoclassical economics. Economics and Philosophy, v. 8, n. 2, p. 231–248, 1992.

BENSAUDE-VINCENT, B. Textbooks on the map of science studies. Science & Education, v. 15, n. 7, p. 667–670, 2016.

BLANCHARD, O. Macroeconomics. 7ª ed., New York: Pearson, 2017.

CEDERBAUM, D. G. Paradigms. Stud. Hist. Phil Sci, v. 14, n. 3, p. 173–213, 1983.

DE REGT, H. W. Understanding Scientific Understanding. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

GOOGLE NGRAM VIEWER. 2019. Paradigm. Available at: https://books.google.com/ngrams. Accessed on: October 27th, 2019.

HACKING, I. Paradigms. In: R. J. RICHARDS; L. DASTON. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic. Chicago: Chicago University Press,

p. 96-115, 2016.

HEMPEL, C. G. The theoretician’s dilemma: A study in the logic of theory construction. In: C. G. HEMPEL. Aspects of Scientific Explanation: And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. New York: The Free Press, p. 173-226, 1958.

HOYNINGEN-HUENE, P. Kuhn’s development before and after structure. In: W. J. DEVLIN; A. BOKULICH. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions — 50 Years On. Springer, p. 185-95, 2015.

KUHN, T. S. The Copernican revolution: Planetary astronomy in the development of Western thought. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1957.

KUHN, T. S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 2ª ed., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. [1962]

KUHN, T. S. Logic of discovery or psychology of research? In: The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977. [1970a]

KUHN, T. S. Postscript. In: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 2ª ed., Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2012. [1970b]

KUHN, T. S. Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1987.

MANGEE, N. J. A Kuhnian perspective on asset pricing theory. Journal of Economic Methodology, v. 22, n. 1, p. 28-45, 2015.

MANKIW, G. N. Principles of microeconomics, 8ª ed. Cengage Learning, 2017.

MANKIW, G. N. Biography. Available at: https://scholar.harvard.edu/mankiw/biocv. Accessed on: October 27th, 2019.

MASTERMAN, M. The nature of a paradigm. In: A. MUSGRAVE; I. LAKATOS. Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

MUSGRAVE, A.; LAKATOS, I. Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

SHAN, Y. “Kuhn’s ‘wrong turning’ and legacy today”. Synthese 197, 381–406, 2020.

TOULMIN, S. The Philosophy of Science: an Introduction. Harper Row, 1960.

WITTGENSTEIN, L. Philosophical Investigations. Basil, 2009. [1953]

WRAY, K. B. Kuhn’s Evolutionary Social Epistemology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

WRAY, K. B. Kuhn and the history of science. In: M. FRICKER; P. J. GRAHAM; D. HENDERSON; N. J. L. L. PEDERSEN. The Routledge Handboook of Social Epistemology. Routledge, p. 40-48, 2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7213/1980-5934.32.056.AO05

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2020 Editora Universitária Champagnat

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.