Is Transhumanism a New Face of Bioethics?




Bioethics. Transhumanism. Ethics. Posthuman being. Interdisciplinary approach.


The paper deals with a possible interdependence between bioethics and transhumanism. It seems that nowadays transhumanism is a separate discipline and we can say at most about bioethical aspects of that. However, a more in-depth investigation reveals that transhumanism is a rival of the contemporary bioethics and tends to take control over it. So, this paper tried to prove that this is not a necessity. There are still vital differences between bioethics and transhumanism and they justify keeping the former separate. The main difference concerns the object of investigation: bioethics is about ethical enquiry of the existing, bodily human being, whereas transhumanism is directed toward a future creature called posthuman. Thus, although there are attempts within transhumanism to replace bioethics, they are still two separate fields of investigation and hence the former is not a new and fully-fledged face of the latter.


Não há dados estatísticos.


Agar N. (2010). Humanity’s End. Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement. Cambridge (MA) - London: The MIT Press.

Agar N. (2014). Truly Human Enhancement. A Philosophical Defence of Limits. Cambridge (MA) - London: The MIT Press.

Agar N. (2012). Why we can’t really say what post-human persons are?. Journal of Medical Ethics, vol. 38, no. 3, 144-145.

Bostrom N. (2005). A History of Transhumanist Thought. Journal of Evolution & Technology, vol. 14, 1-21.

Buchanan A. (2011). Beyond Humanity? The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement. New York: Oxford University Press.

Buchanan A., Brock D. W., Daniels N., Wikler D. (2001). From Chance to Choice. Genetics and Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Callahan D. (2004). Bioethics. In Encyclopedia of Bioethics, vol. I (ed. Steven. G. Post). New York: Thomson & Gale, 278-287.

Harris J. (2005). The Value of Life. An Introduction to Medical Ethics. London - New York: Routledge.

Kurzweil R. (2005). The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. London: Penguin Books.

Transhumanist Declaration (2012) (2013). In The Transhumanist Reader, (eds. Max More, Natasha Vita-More). Oxford - Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 54-55.




Como Citar

Holub, G. (2020). Is Transhumanism a New Face of Bioethics?. Revista De Filosofia Aurora, 32(55).