Influence of aquatic exercise training on balance in young adults

Luana Mann, Julio Francisco Kleinpaul, Carlos Bolli Mota, Saray Giovana dos Santos


Introduction: Physical exercise programs have been suggested to soften or reverse balance deficits and postural deviation. Objective: This study investigated the influence of a systematic aquatic exercise program on body balance. Method: Healthy young adult volunteers of both genders, aged 18–30 years were assessed. The experimental group (EG, n = 20) was subjected to 24 sessions of aquatic exercises of 50 minutes long, performed three times a week, and the control group (CG, n = 25) suffered no intervention. A 3-D force platform was used to calculate the center of pressure displacement (COP) in anteroposterior and mid-lateral directions with or without visual information. The individuals were assessed in pre or post-training. Results: The results demonstrated a decrease in body oscillation in both visual conditions, with post-training values lower than pre-training ones. Visual information was not expressive for EG post-training. Conclusion: It was concluded that the program was effective for body balance improvement.

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