Gussevia spiralocirra (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) in farmed Pterophyllum scalare

Lilian Dordete Steckert, Nicollas Breda Lehmann, Natalia da Costa Marchiori, Maurício Laterça Martins, Jaqueline Inês Alves de Andrade, Adolfo Jatobá

Resumo


The monogenean parasites are one of the most important pathogens causing economic losses in fish farming worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate parasitological indexes of Gussevia spiralocirra in juvenile Pterophyllum scalare, in the warm and cool season. A total of 34 fish were examined for parasitological analysis and the water quality was measured during the experimental period. The gills were fixed in 5% formalin solution for quantification and the parasites were mounted in Hoyer´s medium for identification. The parasitic species was identified as Gussevia spiralocirra, and presented a prevalence of 100%. The mean abundance and mean intensity of infestation were significantly higher in fish during the warm season (784.0 ± 393.9) than that observed in the cool season (418.0 ± 111.2). Temperature did influence the biology of G. spiralocirra possibly by increasing the oviposition rate. This study presents important data that can be used for implementation of best management practices in ornamental P. scalare farming, especially in the hottest seasons of the year.



Palavras-chave


Cichlidae. Ectoparasite. Monogenean. Temperature.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7213/acad.2021.19302

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Direitos autorais 2021 Revista Acadêmica Ciência Animal