Toward A Tri-partite Psychological Model of Prayer


  • Kevin Ladd Indiana University South Bend



While empirical research concerning the psychology of prayer has increased significantly in the last decade, the development of theory has lagged behind observation. In this paper, we expand on our previous work conceptualizing prayer as consisting of perceived inward, outward, and upward connections (IOU) with aspects in both physical and supraphysical domains. Using a three-dimensional triangular model, we demonstratethe dynamic states associated with the act of praying as it unfolds across time and in response to specific events or contexts. The utility of the proposed model is that it offers a framework of prayer that accounts for intrapersonal variation. This can be useful in clinical contexts, where graphic portrayals of internal experiences can enhance understanding and facilitate desired change. In addition, the model can suggest the extent to which the individual embraces prayer in its most transparent connectional modes or displays a tendency to “mix and match” ways of praying in a personally construed patternof relevance. All of these features suggest that this model can provide substantial material for self-reflection and development.


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Como Citar

Ladd, K. (2017). Toward A Tri-partite Psychological Model of Prayer. Revista Pistis Praxis, 9(1), 205–220.