Revisão integrativa dos fatores associados à retratação após revelação do abuso sexual de crianças

Pedro Augusto Dias Baía, Isabel Maria Marques Alberto, Débora Dalbosco Dell'Aglio

Resumo


A retratação em casos de abuso sexual de crianças (ASC) corresponde à situação na qual a criança/adolescente nega uma revelação prévia. Este artigo tem como objetivo identificar fatores de risco e de proteção associados à retratação, através de revisão integrativa de estudos empíricos sobre esta temática, publicados nas bases de dados LILACS, PePSIC, PubMEd, PsycInfo, SciELO e Scopus/Elsevier. Utilizaram-se os descritores “retratação”, “abuso sexual”, “revelação”, “criança” e “adolescente” em português, inglês e espanhol. De um total de 294 artigos encontrados, foram incluídos 12 estudos na revisão. Da análise de conteúdo resultaram cinco dimensões relativas aos fatores de risco e de proteção da retratação: características das vítimas, características do ASC, características da revelação, características do contexto familiar e características do sistema de justiça. Os resultados destacam a conjugação de condições de vários niveis sistémicos, reforçando uma abordagem ecológica na avaliação do risco de retratação. São apresentadas contribuições, limitações dos estudos, e implicações para investigações futuras. 


Palavras-chave


Abuso sexual; Revelação; Retratação; Fatores associados; Revisão integrativa

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7213/psicolargum.39.105.AO15

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