A COMBINED PROTOCOL TO AID DIAGNOSIS OF BREATHING MODE

William J. Wieler, Ana M. de Barros, Luiz A. de Barros, Elisa S. Camargo, Sérgio A. Ignácio, Hiroshi Maruo, Orlando M. Tanaka

Resumo


Objective: To evaluate, present, and test a method for diagnosing breathing mode. Methods: A total of 78 subjects, 65 with Class II division 1 malocclusion and 13 with normal Class I occlusion, (aged 11,0 to 14,11 years) were selected. Four procedures were carried out to establish the breathingtype variables: a mouth-posture visual exam, a subjective questionnaire, an otolaryngology exam to diagnose obstructions or alterations in nasal air way, and a speech pathology exam to estimate open mouth posture and functional aspects of speech, chewing and swallowing. Data were collected and a statistical analysis using multivariate methods was carried out to establish a final combined score for each subject. Results: Combined scores obtained for each individual demonstrated that the subjects with either occlusion could be classified hierarchically, from the lowest to the highest index, into two groups: subjects with more predominant mouth breathing aspects were categorized as group 1; while subjects with a more predominant nasal respiratory mode aspects were categorized as group 2. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate the utility of this combined evaluation protocol to classify breathing types into two distinct groups.

Palavras-chave


Breathing mode; Orthodontics; Diagnosis; Class II, div. 1

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7213/aor.v3i2.23107

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Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.