Use of lung expansion techniques on drained and non-drained pleural effusion: survey with 232 physiotherapists

Elinaldo da Conceição dos Santos, Juliana de Souza da Silva, Marcus Titus Trindade de Assis Filho, Marcela Brito Vidal, Adriana Claudia Lunardi

Resumo


Introduction:

Techniques for lung expansion seem to benefit patients with drained and undrained pleural effusion, but there is a lack of evidence to indicate which technique is best in each situation. Currently, the therapeutic choices of respiratory physiotherapists serving this population are not known.

Objective:

To know which lung expansion techniques are chosen by chest physiotherapists who assist patients with drained and non-drained pleural effusion.

Method:

Through the announcement of the Federal Council, 232 physiotherapists who work in hospitals in Brazil were questioned about which techniques they apply to patients with drained and non-drained effusion.

Results:

Initially, 512 were questioned but 232 (45.3%) answered. The physiotherapists associate more than one technique of lung expansion in both types of patients, besides walking. Deep breathing is the most used technique in patients with drained (92%) and non-drained (77%) pleural effusion. Positive pressure exercises in the airways are chosen by 60% of the physiotherapists to treat patients with drained pleural effusion and by 34% to treat patients with non-drained pleural effusion. Yet the incentive spirometry are used with 66% of patients with drained pleural effusion and 42% with non-drained ones.

Conclusion:

Deep breathing is the most applied lung expansion technique in the treatment of patients with drained and non-drained pleural effusion by chest physiotherapists. In addition, there is association between greatest degree and time of professional performance and the chosen techniques.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5918.33.ao05

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