Functionality of children aged 5 to 7 years born prematurely

Natalia Trindade de Souza, Paula Silva de Carvalho Chagas, Gabriela Gomes de Campos, Elisa de Jesus Valenzuela, Elisa de Jesus Valenzuela, Jaqueline da Silva Frônio, Luiz Claudio Ribeiro


Introduction: Preterm birth is one of several risk factors that can compromise child growth and development. Objective: Evaluate the functionality of 5 to 7-year-old schoolchildren born prematurely and compare them to children born full-term. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 110 children divided into 2 groups
(55 in the preterm group - PTG; 55 in the full-term group - FTG). Sociodemographic data were collected of the families and children and the families were economically classified according to the Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria - CCEB (Brazilian Association of Market Research Companies – ABEP) Functionality was assessed using the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Results: With respect to the descriptive variables, significant differences were observed for gestational age (p < 0.001), birth weight (p < 0.001), complications during the perinatal period (p < 0.001), current diseases (p = 0.010) and schooling level of the child (p = 0.023). In regard to functionality, on the Caregiver Assistance scale, a significant difference was recorded for mobility (p = 0.009). Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that 5 to 7-year-old schoolchildren born prematurely showed no differences in functional skills when compared to full-term children. However, the caregivers of preterm children provide greater mobility assistance compared to those caring for full-term children.

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