Relationship between body functions and referral to rehabilitation post-stroke

Eleazar Marinho de Freitas Lucena, Kátia Suely Queiroz Silva Ribeiro, Ronei Marcos de Moraes, Robson da Fonseca Neves, Geraldo Eduardo Guedes de Brito, Renata Newman Leite Cardoso dos Santos


Introduction: Stroke has a high prevalence in the world´s population and a significant impact on those affected. Objective: To determine the relationship between body functions evaluated according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) parameters and the referral of poststroke subjects to rehabilitation services in the city of João Pessoa-PB. Methods: This study was an observational cross-sectional study involving patients diagnosed with stroke who were affected for less than 60 months and linked to the Family Health Strategy (Estratégia de Saúde da Família - ESF). The ICF stroke core sets that identify disabilities in the body function dimension were used to construct the research instrument. Access to rehabilitation was explored using a questionnaire developed from a literature review. The statistical method of logistic regression was used to identify the disabilities in body functions that were relevant to the referral of the post-stroke subject for rehabilitation. Results: The functions that were significant (p < 0.05) were functions relating to muscle tone (OR = 2.38), functions relating to voluntary movement control (OR = 2.60), emotional functions (OR = 2.22), and sexual functions (OR = 3.92). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that the presence of disability in these functions is associated with the referral of chronic phase post-stroke subjects to rehabilitation. Therefore, rehabilitation services should be organized to meet the specific requirements of treatment of the sequelae caused by stroke.

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