Therapeutic ultrasound associated with copaiba oil reduces pain and improves range of motion in patients with knee osteoarthritis

Luis Fernando Sousa Filho, Jessica Batista de Souza, Grace Kelly Melo de Almeida, Itamar Couto Guedes de Jesus, Evaleide Diniz de Oliveira

Resumo


Introduction: Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects millions of Brazilians.Therapeutic ultrasound has been used in its treatment, either alone or associated with drugs. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ultrasound (US) associated with Copaiba oil (CO) on knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Patients were divided into three different groups: US, US+CO, CO.Ten treatment sessions were held twice a week, 30 minutes each.Pain intensity was assessed through the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Range of Motion (ROM) by goniometry, and muscle strength was assessed by means of the Medical Research Council Scale. Statistical analysis was performed by Cohen’s d test, student’s t test and ANOVA, considering p<0.05 as significant. Results: Pain reduced in all groups.The US+CO group (d = –3.50) presented larger effect size when compared to the other groups. Regarding ROM, the largest effect size was observed in the US+CO group for flexion (d = 0.86) and extension (d = 0.97) in comparison with the remainder groups.Muscle strength increased in the US (d = 1.54) and US+CO (d = 1.60) groups for flexion.Regarding extension, the US group presented the largest effect size (d = 1.80). Conclusion: Therapeutic ultrasound associated with copaiba oil is a practical and effective therapy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as osteoarthritis.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5918.030.003.AO02

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