Evaluation of functional capabilities in children with Down Syndrome

Desirée F Scapinelli, Érica Martinho Salvador Laraia, Albert Schiaveto de Souza

Resumo


Introduction: Down Syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal abnormality characterized by mental retardation of varying degrees and is one of the most commonly found chromosomal aberrations, presenting motor delay such as muscular hypotonic, balance disorders, motor coordination and gait changes. Objective: To evaluate the functional capabilities in children with Down syndrome through the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Methods: 20 children of both sexes, 10 with normal motor development (Control group) and 10 with Down syndrome. The functional capabilities were evaluated by PEDI (part I: functional capabilities, part II and III: caregiver assistance and change in environment) through interviews with caregivers. Results: Significant differences were observed in Part I, regarding functional capabilities in self-care (p = 0.0007), mobility (p = 0.0007) and social function (p = 0.0002), and in Part II, regarding caregiver assistance, the domains of self-care and mobility had p <0.0001 and p = 0.001. In Part III, changes in environment were more frequent when related to Down group. Conclusion: The Down syndrome group has lower functional performance in both functional capabilities and caregiver assistance, when compared to control group. However, it is clear that this questionnaire provides subsidies to make an early stimulation treatment in order to perform daily skills with the least possible help from their caregivers.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-5150.029.002.AO12

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