Evaluation of life’s quality of women in climacteric in the city of Floriano, Piauí

Daianne Vieira Menezes, Maria Evangelina de Oliveira

Resumo


Introduction: The climacteric is the transition phase that is between the end of the reproductive and non-reproductive period of the woman´s life, and that can be extended up to 65 years of age. Menopause is considered the mark of this phase and is characterized as an event, and not as a period. Objectives: To evaluate the life’s quality of women in climacteric, in the city of Floriano – PI, by using the Women´s Health Questionnaire (WHQ). With the specific objectives it was sought to identify the socio-demographic profile and menopausal status, highlight the most frequent symptoms at this phase and verify the intensity of climacteric symptoms in women through the Blatt-Kupperman Index (BKI). Methodology: It is a descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative study. For the selection of the participating subjects, it was made a systematically count in every three domiciles in Nova Sambaíba neighborhood, in the city of Floriano, PI. The sample consisted of 184 women. Results: In the verification of the intensity of climacteric symptoms, given by Blatt-Kupperman Index (BKI), the symptomatology was considered light for 109 women (59.24%) and the most common symptoms were nervousness (73.9%), skin changes (66.8 %), anxiety (60.9%), hot flashes (57.6%), thinning and loss of hair (49.5%) and hypertension (26.1%). The most affected domain of the WHQ was the sexual function, with an average of 1.9, and the domains of menstrual problems and depressed mood, considered lighter (3.3). Conclusion: According to the applied methodology, it is concluded that the obtained data didn’t show significant impairment of quality of life of these women because of climacteric.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-5150.029.002.AO01

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