Da forma urbana à cidade como informação

Vinicius M. Netto

Resumo


O presente artigo tem dois objetivos. Primeiro, traça um panorama inicial da pesquisa sobre forma urbana no Brasil e no Rio de Janeiro. Para tanto, discute algumas características das abordagens desenvolvidas nesse contexto bem como sinaliza possibilidades para o campo, incluindo expansões conceituais e metodológicas capazes de reconhecer as conexões entre forma urbana, cognição e dinâmicas sociais. Segundo, ilustra essas possibilidades com uma nova abordagem sobre a forma urbana como “informação”. A abordagem explora os modos como preservamos informação no ambiente físico e semântico das cidades e como usamos essa informação ambiental para atuar e tomar decisões sobre ações e interações a realizar. Para entender o papel da informação ambiental na ação e cooperação social, a abordagem reúne modelos computacionais de cidades e comportamentos bem como medidas de informação e entropia latentes nas estruturas físicas e semânticas das cidades. Esses métodos permitem examinar cidades com grande grau de detalhe e interpretar diferenças entre ambientes urbanos como “assinaturas de informação” potencialmente consistentes com diferentes culturas espaciais. Finalmente, a abordagem permite avaliar o impacto de diferentes ambientes urbanos sobre ações e graus de cooperação entre as pessoas.


Palavras-chave


Forma urbana. Informação. Ambiente construído. Entropia. Cognição.

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Referências


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