Urbanização, vulnerabilidade, resiliência: relações conceituais e compreensões de causa e efeito

Laíse do Nascimento Cabral, Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido

Resumo


Este artigo traz discussões inerentes às construções urbanas em um de seus cunhos mais abrangentes chamado de expansão urbana, fenômeno que se encontra inserido dentro do campo da urbanização e que tem causado transformações no espaço urbano. Tais transformações circundam as mazelas sociais e econômicas, desembocando em transtornos ao meio natural, formulando assim um histórico de vulnerabilidades socioambientais para o meio urbano. Diante desse contexto, este trabalho tem por objetivo propor relações de causa e efeito entre urbanização, vulnerabilidade e resiliência a partir da compreensão de riscos socioambientais decorrentes da intensificação do processo da expansão urbana. Define-se metodologicamente como um ensaio teórico respaldado pelas construções teóricas de alguns autores, dentre eles – Holling e Adger. Como resultado, tem-se cenários possíveis do que ocorre entre a complexidade desses fenômenos e a necessidade de aplicar tais conceitos à prática, ou seja, inferir empiricamente a relação desses conceitos com a realidade local de cada espaço urbano, cada um desses locais imbricados por suas realidades de identidade próprias, territorializando tais espaços e estabelecendo realidades próximas ou não da condição de urbano, vulnerável e resiliente.

Palavras-chave


Urbanização, Vulnerabilidade socioambiental, Resiliência, Cenários, Análise.

Texto completo:

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Referências


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