Impact of strength training on bone mineral density in HIV-positive patients



Introduction: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) transformed HIV from a fatal disease to a chronic one, but it has adverse effects, such as the lipodystrophy syndrome, characterized by morphological and metabolic changes, such as reduced bone mineral density (BMD), potentiating morbidities and mortality. Strength training (ST) aims to increase BMD, due to the osteogenic effect. Objective: To verify the impact of strength training on BMD in people with HIV. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study, which included 40 people with a mean age of 50 ± 6 years, separated into trained group (TG, n = 20) and control group (CG, n = 20), with reduction in BMD, HIV-positive, using HAART and without exercising. BMD was assessed by DEXA in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and distal 1/3 of the radius, before and after 12 weeks, with the GT submitted to 36 ST and the CG without physical training in the DEXA evaluation in the same time interval. Results: TG had a significant increase with great effect on BMD in all segments: lumbar spine (p = 0.001; ES: 1.87), femoral neck (p = 0.003; ES: 2.20) and 1/3 distal of the radius (p = 0.001; ES: 1.81). Meanwhile, CG group showed a significant reduction with great effect on the femoral neck (p = 0.020; ES: 2.56) and 1/3 distal of the radius (p = 0.015; ES: 2.93), while the lumbar spine showed a great effect to reduce BMD (p = 0.293; ES: 1.78). Conclusion: ST can be used as a therapeutic resource to increase BMD in people with HIV, contributing to the advancement in the search for non-drug therapeutic practices.

Keywords: Bone density. HIV Associated lipodystrophy syndrome. Resistance training.


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Santos, W. R. dos, Santos, W. R. dos ., Paes, P. P., Fernandes, T. M. ., Tenório, K. E. R., & Fernandes, A. P. M. . (2022). Impact of strength training on bone mineral density in HIV-positive patients. Fisioterapia Em Movimento (Physical Therapy in Movement), 35(1). Retrieved from



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