Muscle activation in pelvic anteversion and retroversion

Bibiana Melher Pereira, Marcelo Peduzzi de Castro, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Caroline Ruschel, Gilmar Moraes Santos

Abstract


Introduction: The inability to maintain good pelvic stability has been attributed to inefficient muscle coordination and deconditioning of the stabilizing muscles. Despite this, little is known about the role of the pelvic muscles in anteversion and retroversion movements. Objective: To compare the neuromuscular activity of the tensor fascia lata, gluteus medius, upper and lower portions of the gluteus maximus, and multifidus in pelvic anteversion and retroversion. Methods: The neuromuscular activity of 17 healthy young adults (aged 25.3 ± 4.6 years) was assessed during five repetitions of the pelvic anteversion and retroversion movements. The Vicon-Nexus system (10 cameras) was used for the kinematic analysis of the pelvis in the sagittal plane (anteversion and retroversion), and the TeleMyo DTS Desk Receiver electromyograph and the Myomuscle v. 3.8 software to measure neuromuscular activity. The paired samples t-test was used to compare muscle activity between pelvic anteversion and retroversion movements using the Statistica v.8 software with a significance level of p < 0.05. Results: The comparison of the movements showed greater muscle activity in the inferior gluteus maximus in retroversion and greater activity in the multifidus in pelvic anteversion. The upper portion of the gluteus maximus showed relevant activation in both movements. Conclusion: There was more pronounced activity of the lower portion of the gluteus maximus in retroversion, while the upper gluteus maximus showed relevant activation level in both movements. The multifidi were more active in retroversion.


Keywords


Electromyography. Motor activity. Pelvis.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/fm.2021.34118

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