Effects of rhythmic auditory stimulation on functionality in Parkinson’s disease

Izaura Muniz Azevedo, Ihana Thaís Guerra de Oliveira Gondim, Kássia Maria Clemente da Silva, Cleysiane de Araujo Oliveira, Carla Cabral dos Santos Accioly Lins, Maria das Graças Wanderley de Sales Coriolano

Abstract


Introduction: Functionality is affected by the clinical characteristics and progression of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Objective: Assess the effects of a therapeutic exercise program associated with music-based rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) on the Activities and Participation Profile (APP) related to mobility of people with PD. Methods: Intervention study investigating people with moderate PD recruited from the Hospital das Clínicas of the Federal University of Pernambuco and the Parkinson’s Disease Association of Pernambuco. The APP related to mobility of the participants was assessed based on the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). The APP contains 23 activity/participation items scored from 0 (no problem) to 4 (complete problem). The intervention consisted of 10 outpatient sessions of a therapeutic exercise program associated with music-based RAS, applied using a smartphone application (ParkinSONS®), performed twice a week, with an average duration of 50 minutes per session. Given the metric nature of the variable and its non-normal distribution, Wilcoxon’s test was applied, considering p < 0.05. Results: In the sample of 8 patients, there was a significant decline in APP scores after intervention (p = 0.018*), indicating a positive change. Scores for all the APP activities decreased following the intervention, except for “transferring oneself to the left side while lying down”. Conclusion: In this study, a therapeutic exercise program associated with music-based RAS had a positive effect on the APP related to mobility of people with moderate PD.


Keywords


Auditory stimulation. ICF. Music. Parkinson’s disease. Physiotherapy.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/fm.2021.34116

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