Intervention bimanual stimulates the abilities in infants with asymmetry

Mayara Thais Correr Ribeiro, Luzia Iara Pfeifer

Abstract


Background: The cerebral palsy and brachial plexus injury may cause asymmetry in the use of the upper limbs (UL). This condition requires early treatment to reduce the impact of the child's life; therefore, several proposed interventions aim to increase their functional independence. The Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) and Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT) have been widely considered effective interventions to improve hand function. Objective: Investigate the effects of an intervention protocol based on the CIMT and HABIT theoretical foundations in the stimulation of manual function in infants with the UL asymmetry. Method: Five infants (6-24 months) participated in the study. To evaluate the motor function of infants were used Pediatric Motor Activity Log (PMAL-R) and Manual Function Evaluation (AMIGO), and to assess the caregiver's perception of the participation of the infant in daily tasks, used the Pediatric Disability Assessment Inventory (PEDI). All evaluations occurred before, immediately after the intervention, and after four months for follow-up recording and were analyzed descriptively by Jacobson- Truax method. Results: The results between evaluation and reevaluation demonstrated evolution in all aspects studied. In the PEDI self-care session, an average of 38.6 (±8.4)- 44.2 (±7.4); PEDI Mobility: 28.8 (±20.3)- 36.28 (±21.7); PEDI Social Function: 40.1 (±10.2)- 42.3 (±8.9). The PMAL-R quantity and quality results evidence a highly positive clinical significance in all infants. Conclusion: The application of the modified restriction intervention protocol resulted in reliable and clinically significant changes in all cases.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/fm.2021.34301

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