Microvascular oxygen extraction during maximal isometric contraction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Flavia Fernandes Manfredi de Freitas, Diego Paiva de Azevedo, Wladimir Musetti Medeiros, José Alberto Neder, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Cesar Ferreira Amorim

Abstract


Introduction: COPD presents decrease in oxidative metabolism with possible losses of cardiovascular adjustments, suggesting slow kinetics microvascular oxygen during intense exercise. Objective: To test the hypothesis that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have lower muscle performance in physical exercise not dependent on central factors, but also greater muscle oxygen extraction, regardless of muscle mass. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 11 COPD patients and nine ealthy subjects, male, paired for age. Spirometry and body composition by DEXA were evaluated. Muscular performance was assessed by maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) in isokinetic dynamometer and muscle oxygen extraction by the NIRS technique. Student t-test and Pearson correlation were applied. A significance level of p<0.05 was adopted. Results: Patients had moderate to severe COPD (FEV1 = 44.5 ± 9.6% predicted; SpO2 = 94.6 ± 1.6%). Lean leg mass was 8.3 ± 0.9 vs. 8.9 ± 1.0 kg (p =0.033), when comparing COPD and control patients, respectively. The decreased muscle oxygen saturation corrected by muscle mass was 53.2% higher (p=0.044) in the COPD group in MVIC-1 and 149.6% higher (p=0.006) in the MVIC-2. Microvascular extraction rate of oxygen corrected by muscle mass and total work was found to be 114.5% higher (p=0.043) in the COPD group in MVIC-1 and 210.5% higher (p=0.015) in the MVIC-2. Conclusion: COPD patients have low muscle performance and high oxygen extraction per muscle mass unit and per unit of work. The high oxygen extraction suggests that quantitative and qualitative mechanisms can be determinants of muscle performance in patients with COPD.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-5918.029.004.AO16

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