Effect of a physical therapy protocol on the health related quality of life of patients with temporomandibular disorder

Maíra de Oliveira Viana, Natália Bitar da Cunha Olegario, Mariana de Oliveira Viana, Guilherme Pinheiro Ferreira da Silva, Jair Licio Ferreira Santos, Sarah Tarcisia Rebelo Ferreira de Carvalho

Abstract


Introduction: Low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders, but little is known about postural methods in its treatment. Objective: Analyze changes in muscle strength, flexibility, function and pain in patients with chronic low back pain that underwent isostretching and global posture reeducation (GPR). Methods: Thirty-nine patients, aged between 40 and 59 years, were evaluated before and after treatment protocols regarding: flexibility for sit and reach, muscle strength, functional capacity using the Rolland-Morris Questionnaire, and intensity of pain by Visual Analog Scale. The sample was randomized into two groups (1-GPR; 2-Isostretching), all of whom were treated individually through 12 sessions lasting 45 minutes each, twice a week. Results: After treatment, median reduction in pain intensity of 28 mm in group 1 and 32 mm in group 2 was observed, and a median improvement in functional capacity in group 1 of 8.5 points and 7 points in group 2 (p < 0,05). A mean improvement of severn repetitions in trunk extensor muscle strength was observed in group 1 and in group 2; by dynamometry of 10 kg / f in group 1 and 12.5 kg / f in group 2 of ten abdominal repetitions strength in group 1 and four repetitions in group 2 (p < 0.05).In the Sit and Reach, Group 1 had a total mean increase of 3cm, and group 2 had 1.6cm (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Both groups were effective in improvement of muscle strength, flexibility, pain and functional capacity.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-5150.029.003.AO08

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