Effects of hippotherapy on posture in individuals with Down Syndrome

Ana Paula Espindula, Mariane Fernandes Ribeiro, Luciane Aparecida Pascucci Sande de Souza, Alex Abadio Ferreira, Mara Lúcia da Fonseca Ferraz, Vicente de Paula Antunes Teixeira

Abstract


Introduction: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have alterations that affect the musculoskeletal system, causing abnormal patterns, and alter the morphological anatomical and mechanical axes that provide intrinsic stability to the skeleton, and can trigger misalignments and orthopedic disorders in adulthood. Objective: The objective of student to evaluate posture and postural alignment before and after the hippotherapyin individuals with DS. Methods: Posture of five individuals with DS was evaluated by the software SAPO before and after 27 sessions the hippotherapy. Data were subjected to qualitative descriptive analysis using cluster and statistical analysis with the aid of the software Sigma Stat 2.0, considering differences as statistically significant at p-value < 5%. Results: Improvements were achieved for the alignment of shoulder, head, hip, and lower limbs, in addition to decrease in kyphosis and head protrusion. Conclusion: Patients with DS demonstrated satisfactory changes in motor behavior reflected in improved static posture after treatment with hippotherapy.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-5150.029.003.AO07

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