Effect of cryotherapy on the ankle temperature in athletes: ice pack and cold water immersion

Vanessa Batista da Costa Santos, Camila dos Santos Cardoso, Camila Pelegrin Figueiredo, Christiane de Souza Guerino Macedo

Abstract


Introduction: Cryotherapy is often used for rehabilitation of injured athletes. Objective: To compare the effectivenessof ice pack (IP) and cold water immersion (CWI) on lowering the ankle skin surface temperature in athletes. Materials and methods: Thirteen athletes (seven women and six men), age 19.53 (± 2.9) years. IP and CWI were applied on the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) of the dominant leg for 30 minutes. The skin surface temperature was measured with an infrared digital thermometer prior to the application and during cryotherapy (10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 minutes) and up to two hours of rewarming. During rewarming,the athletes remained at rest and the temperature was measured every 1 minute until 10 minutes, every 5 minutes for up to an hour and every 15 minutes until 2 hours. Results: The two types of cold application were effective in lowering the skin surface temperature after the 30-minute procedure. Significant differences were observed among the following temperatures: pre-application (IP = 29.8 ± 2.4 °C and CWI = 27.5 ± 3 °C – P < 0.05); after 30 minutes (IP = 5 ± 2.4 °C and CWI = 7.8 ± 3 °C – P < 0.01). For rewarming, after 25 minutes (IP = 20.8 ± 3.3 °C and CWI = 18.2 ± 2.7 °C – P < 0.04); after 45 minutes (IP = 24.5 ± 2.3 °C and IP = 22.1 ± 3.5 °C – P < 0.05); after 75 minutes (IP = 26.4 ± 2.2 °C and CWI = 24 ± 2.7 °C – P < 0.02). Conclusion: After the 30-minute application, both IP and CWI produced the appropriate temperature; however the application of CWI produced the lowest temperature during rewarming.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-5150.028.001.AO02

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.